The State of YUCATAN is the land of mergers and contrast. The people, streets and each one of the recognized monuments world wide are the heritage of our forefathers.
Toponimia (place name)
The spanish give the name to YUCATAN during the first explorations, for the reason that spanish will ask them questions and they respond with the Phrase "uh yu ka tan" that in Mayan is "listen how they talk" and the comquistadors would understand YUCATAN. Bernal Diaz del Castillo, Book "Historia Verdadera de la Comquista de la Nueva Espana" (True story from the conquest of the New Spain) He claims YUCATAN says "Tierra de Yucas" (Land of Yucca) Plants were cultured by the Mayas, were is a important food complement.
YUCATAN is located in the south of Mexico city that extends about 43,379 km2. Limits the North with the Golf of Mexico, an the southeast with the state of Quintana Roo and the southwest with Campeche state. Represents a 2.21% of the Mexican territory. The topography is plane located at sea level.
The Annual temperature averages between 24C and 26C, that crates a pleasant atmosphere. The climate in Yucatan is Divided by two category: Hot and Humid, that predominant almost all year and the intensity is in the summer when is dry and hot; most present in the Golf of Mexico, Expanding from East Telchac to West of Progreso port.
Is a state of rich biodiversity flora and fauna. In the vegetation you can find costal dunes, mangroves, jungle, vegetation, mangroves and caverns. In the flora entity there is a auger of wild trees like, mahogany, cedar, oak and much more.
The climate being humid and rainy in the summer makes possible the cohabitation and development of various species. Yucatan is the state with higher various species. Yucatan is the state with high amount of poultry species, housing a 454 different species from the 548 registered, in witch represents 50% of the species existing in Mexico.
The Jungle in Yucatan is the home of the panthers, pumas, boars, jaguars, raccoons, skunks, porcupines, squirrels, monkeys, armadillos, bears and much more. Some species are in danger of extinction like the pheasant and the deer with the white tail that is representative symbol for the state. Yucatan counts with an amount of ecological reserve commissioned to avoid the extinction of these animals.
Figures by INEGI, in the state of Yucatan, 80.2% of population professes the catholic religion. As the 10.8 are protestant and gospel, figures that keep increasing
Yucatan is one of the states with high economy prosperity in Mexico southeast. The strong economy is based on tourism, fishing, trade and agricultural. Tourism is important in the state, is high in archaeological abundance in the region.
They estimates about 1,600 archaeological deposits in Yucatan. The agricultural sector is mention necessary to the mention of agave. The production of corn, beans, pumpkin, lemon, orange, grapefruit and much more. The fishing sector has increase considerably, making Yucatan the net exporter of species like, lobster, shark, octopus and snapper.
The clothing in the state of Yucatan is a set of ideas combine based on the Mayas and Spanish. The women used the authentic huipil, attire by a cotton dress with a rectangular long form, adored with embroidery color thread, that excels the embroidery. The Terno(suit) is women's gala wear in Yucatan, is form by three parts: Jubon, Hupil and Fusan.
Each Piece is embroidery with lace and to complete they use white slippers with a touch of lace or colorful flowers. Man used a simple long or short (Guayabera) shirt made with cotton, decorated with four pockets in the front, Generally they used white completing with a red handkerchief and a jipijapa(hat).
Music and Dance
La Jarana is the typical dance for celebrations in Yucatan. Generally the orchestra is two clarinets, two trumpets, two trombones, guiro and timbales. The "Vaqueria" is the name given the dance that they offer to the Yucatecos representing character, screaming "Bomba" and expressing something satirical or picaresque's ideas.
Typical Dances from Yucatan also are "El Baile de los Listones" , "El Baile de la Danza de Cochino" and the "Trova Yucateca" is one of the main musical genres for the state, it emerged from the first decade in the XX century and they still in force by the Yucatecos. Yucatan has one of the best symphony orchestras in Mexico.
Yucatan is the state with traditions, during the year they have number of festivities, like Hanal Pixan: Ceremony for the day of the dead, in were they make offerings to the love ones when they were live. This Offerings are placed in an altar in the best part of the house in where they also make the favorite food liked in life.
The first and second day of november ones the love ones come to take the grace of the food, the people can take them and enjoy them self's. Also locations around have festivities for the Santo Patron of the place, in witch they make cultural events, food, fireworks, art events and more. Also the house made out of straw are still very custom in Yucatan.
The Yucatan gastronomy is very recognized in mexico and the world. The food is a fusion of ingredients from the spanish and mayans, contributions also from cuba given the Mestizaje culinary flavor and unmatched delicious aroma.
The Yucatense gastronomy is distinguishes by the used of condiments like Pumpkin seed, purple onions, achiote, habanero pepers, cilantro and more.
Typical dishes are Pavo Relleno, Papadzules, cochinita pibil, sopa de lima, chimole, poc-chuc, panuchos, pan de cazon, queso relleno, chocolomo, puchero de tres carnes and more.
Thankfully to the abundance of fruits in the region you can make delicious drinks, like refreshing limonade, horchata (rice water), orange, lime or pitaya(cactus). An excellent typical appetizer Xtabentun ( name of the drink), best know as "Licor de los Dioses" (the liqueur of the gods).
The city has many restaurants where you can find from the most elemental and sophisticated food's to meet your demanding palate.